The three Spanish wine terms (Crianza, Reserva, Gran Reserva) refer to the length of time the wine has been aged.
- Crianza red wines these are aged for 1 year in oak barrels.
- Crianza whites and rosés must be aged for at least 6 months in oak barrels.
- Reserva red wines are aged for at least 3 years with at least 1 year in oak barrels.
- Reserva whites and rosés must be aged for at least 2 years with at least 6 months in oak.
- Gran Reserva wines typically appear in above average vintages with the red wines requiring at least 5 years aging, a minimum of 2 years in oak and a minimum of 3 years in the bottle.
- Gran Reserva whites and rosés must be aged for at least 4 years with at least 6 months in oak
Major Traditional Grapes of Spain
Red Wine Grapes
- Garnacha (sometimes referred to as Cencibel, Tinto Fino, and Ull de Llebrein)
White Wine Grapes
- Pedro Ximénez
- Cabernet Sauvignon
- Sauvignon Blanc
Base material courtesy of Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spanish_wine